Research

Scholarly information regarding some aspect of traffic safety.

RESEARCH - Children May Not Detect Approaching Vehicles

As drivers, we tend to think that if we can see pedestrians, they can see us, especially during the day. This may not be the case with children if we are driving at speeds of more than 30 km/h. This is also the speed above which the chance of significant injury or death begins to be much higher for pedestrians who are struck by vehicles. We recognize this by posting a speed limit of 30 km/h in school and playground zones, but it could be a good reason to do the same on non-collector residential streets.

READING - Travel Time Savings and Speed: Actual and Perceived

This report, dated May 2017, produced for the New Zealand Transport Agency. It aimed to understand time saving as a motivation for New Zealand drivers’ speeding in the context of other motivations for speeding, and to investigate the effect of education that aimed to improve participants’ understanding of the costs and benefits of speeding. Findings support the conclusion that drivers’ attitudes towards speeding may be changed through the provision of information on the costs and benefits of speeding. They do not allow definitive conclusions to be drawn about the extent attitudinal change results i n behaviour change.

NEWS - Highway Line Paint Research

New BC LogoWhen the Government of Canada put an end to the use of oil based paint for highway line markings the durability that we had come to expect ended. Since that time the Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure has been searching for and testing suitable replacements. Starting this month a new, thicker water-based paint will be applied on major B.C. highways along with a new reflective glass bead in areas where wet nights are an issue.

RESEARCH - Blood THC Concentration and Driver Impairment

marihuanaThe American Automobile Association Foundation for Traffic Safety has released a report titled An Evaluation of Data from Drivers Arrested for Driving Under the Influence in Relation to Per se Limits for Cannabis. Researchers examined Drug Recognition Expert (DRE) and impaired driving arrest investigation data and compared the blood levels of THC to observed impairment. The conclusion made was that a quantitative threshold for per se laws for THC following cannabis use cannot be scientifically supported.

RESEARCH - Bad Drivers Don't Think They're Bad

Road RageResearch led by Dr. Thomas Brown of McGill University in Montreal suggests that "surprisingly, these drivers usually don't consider themselves as risk takers. If drivers don't believe they are risky, they will not accept the need to change. On the other hand, if we and they don't understand their behavior, how can they be expected to change it effectively?" Reported in ars technica, the study compared four groups of 19 to 39 year old male drivers and concludes that the risky driving preference appears to be a useful marker for clarifying explanatory pathways to risky driving, and for research into developing more personalized prevention efforts.

READING - IIHS Status Report - April 12, 2016

IIHS LogoThe April 12, 2016 issue of the Status Report is now available for reading on line. This issue examines the crash testing of large 2016 model pickup trucks, how manufacturers are in competition to implement automatic emergency braking systems into their vehicles before they are required by law and how raising the speed limits in the United States has contributed to an increase in the number of deaths in highway crashes.

We Don't Have a Very Good Opinion of Ourselves

ExclamationA recent poll by Insights West found that 50% of Canadians feel that drivers in their city or town are worse than they were five years ago. The two top groups of bad drivers identified by three of every five of us were youth and seniors. To top it off, most of us have witnessed dangerous and illegal behaviour on our roads in the past month. Wow! Time to have a look at ourselves in the rear view mirror.

RESEARCH - IIHS Rates Vehicle Headlights

IIHS LogoFor the first time, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) has tested and rated vehicle headlights. Of the 31 mid-sized vehicles examined, only one, the Toyota Prius, received a "good" rating. All the others rated acceptable, marginal or poor in roughly the same proportion.

RESEARCH - Road Safety Campaigns

TIRF New LogoQuoted from the Executive Summary: "This report contains an overview of leading theories that provide the foundation for road safety campaigns. It is combined with a comprehensive summary of the research evidence related to the effectiveness of road safety campaigns generally, and examples of individual campaign evaluations regarding drinking and driving, distracted driving, seatbelt use, speeding and vulnerable road users. It also highlights what is known about learning styles based on  educational theories and shares recommendations to help communities develop effective road safety campaigns."

READING - Vision Zero International, June 2015

Vision Zero International LogoVision Zero showcases cutting edge technology designed to improve the safety of road users. The June 2015 edition includes:

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