Scholarly information regarding some aspect of traffic safety.

RESEARCH - Youth Drinking and Driving

TIRF logoA new Road Safety Monitor (RSM) poll by the Traffic Injury Research Foundation (TIRF) shows that a majority of young Canadian drivers are aware that they cannot drive safely after drinking alcohol. The public opinion poll conducted in September 2010 investigated a variety of drinking and driving behaviours and attitudes among youth including riding with a drinking driver.

RESEARCH - The Transition to Unsupervised Driving

New Driver SignsThis study released by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety is based on a small group of teen drivers using a vehicle equipped with an event data recorder called Drivecam.

RESEARCH - The Nature of Errors Made by Drivers

Austroads LogoHuman error is responsible for between 75% and 90% of crashes, but this report from Australia suggests that the system that a driver makes the error within needs to be more carefully examined. The system either contributes to the error or shapes the driver's behaviour that produces the error.

RESEARCH - Seatbelts on the School Bus

School BusI am frequently asked why school buses don't have seatbelts. The Alabama School Bus Seat Belt Pilot Project put seatbelts in school buses and studied their benefits. The study found a wearing rate of just under 62%. This resulted in, on average, saving 0.13 lives and 7.60 injuries per year. The seat belts were 39% effective in reducing fatalities and 13% effective in reducing injuries.

RESEARCH - Are Older Commercial Vehicle Drivers a Safety Risk?

Truck TractorCommercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program (CTBSSP) Synthesis 18: Older Commercial Drivers: Do They Pose a Safety Risk? explores age-related changes in the basic functional abilities needed to drive safely. The report is designed to help assist industry and labor practitioners in promoting safer commercial operations.

RESEARCH - Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems

NCHRP logoThis report produced by the US Transportation Research Board's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) explores human factors principles and findings for consideration by highway designers and traffic engineers.

READING - IIHS Status Report, November 18, 2009

IIHS logoAre you considering the purchase of a new vehicle in 2010? This issue of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety's Status Report examines rollover protection and eSafety systems in new vehicles. It also lists 27 top safety picks for the 2010 model year.

RESEARCH - Shoulder and Centerline Rumble Strips

NCHRP LogoTRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 641: Guidance for the Design and Application of Shoulder and Centerline Rumble Strips explores the design and application of shoulder and centerline rumble strips as a crash reduction measure, while minimizing adverse effects for motorcyclists, bicyclists, and nearby re

READING - IIHS Status Report September 2009

IIHS LogoThe September 2009 edition of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety's Status Report is available for reading. Topics in this issue include ignition interlocks to prevent impaired driving, rear turn signals that are amber in colour are better than red and large trucks are getting better brakes.

RESEARCH - Design and Evaluation of Effective Crosswalk Illumination

The City College of New York's University Transportation Research CenterIt's amazing how complicated that it can be to decide on the best way to light a crosswalk. The design must provide illumination of pedestrians so that they can be seen at night, be easy to maintain, cost effective and not cause glare that would interfere with the driving task. This study by a group of scientists from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute examines the issue and settles on fluorescent lamps mounted in bollards at each end of the crosswalk.

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