READING - Traffic Calming on Main Roads Through Rural Communities
"Speed management is a significant challenge for most communities. This is particularly true for small, rural communities where the main roadway through the town serves a dual role. Outside the town, the roadway provides high-speed travel over long distances; within the built-up area, however, the same roadway accommodates local access, pedestrians of all ages, on-street parking, bicycles, and the many other features unique to the character of a community. This convergence of roadway purposes presents both an enforcement challenge for the community and a potential safety problem for the public."
This is the introduction to a study of various traffic calming treatments used in some rural US communities. It examines the treatments and evaluates them in terms of cost and effectiveness.